This article, Causes of Autism, Symptoms, and Treatment, gives the latest research findings on how to reduce the symptoms of autism, and the role of the safe and effective new drug bumetanide.
Autism is a persistent developmental disorder that affects how a child functions in several areas. These include speech, social skills, and behaviour. Children who have problems in these areas are sometimes said to have an autistic spectrum disorder(ASD) because the severity of symptoms varies greatly. The estimation of autism is one in 160 children worldwide.
In mild cases of autism, your child is able to live independently. But for some the condition can be severe, requiring life-long care and support.
Causes Of Autism
We know there’s no one cause of autism. However, research suggests that autism develops from a combination of genetic and non-genetic or environmental influences. These influences appear to increase the risk for autism in your child.
Then again, in most cases, multiple genes contribute to the disorder. For instance, about 10 genes that appear to play a role in autism have been identified by researchers.
One thing scientists do know is that autism is not caused by poor parenting or other social factors.
In the final analysis, autism is viewed as a biological disorder that seems to be linked to development problems in specific structures or functions in the brain.
Do Vaccines Cause Autism?
Vaccines do not cause autism according to several studies. In 2004, the Immunization Safety Institute released a 200-page report stating there was no evidence to support a link between vaccines and autism.
Still, studies continue to look at the issue. In 2019, one study looked at almost 660,000 children over a period of 11 years. And found no link between the vaccine and autism.
Symptoms of Autism
Children with autism are more likely to experience different abdominal problems, such as chronic diarrhea, constipation, food sensitivities, and abdominal pain. Symptoms from these have been linked to bad temper and violent behaviour.
Other autism symptoms include:
- Difficulties interacting with others and making friends.
- Communication problems, both with spoken language and nonverbal gestures.
- Insistence on sameness.
- Repetitive movements, such as hand flapping or frequent tantrums
- Some degree of mental retardation or learning disabilities in most affected children
How Is Autism Diagnosed?
Autism can sometimes be diagnosed as early as 18 months or younger. However, many children do not receive a final diagnosis until much older.
Since there is no medical test to diagnose autism, doctors usually diagnose autism by observing a child’s behavior. Sometimes they use screening tests that measure a number of characteristics and behaviors associated with autism.
Who Is At Risk?
Autism occurs in all racial, social, and educational groups. Boys are 3 to 4 times as likely as girls to be affected. Siblings of an affected child may be at increased risk of autism. Although the risk appears fairly low – 2 to 8%.
While there is no cure for autism, several treatment options are available. For example, behavioural therapy can help autism navigate daily situations and build skills. Likewise the drug bumetanide can help reduce symptoms of autism.
Current treatments for autism at preschool age are mainly behavioural therapy. Using play and joint activities between you and your children boosts language, social and cognitive skills. However, with limited resources, there is an inequality in access to these treatments across the globe, particularly in developing countries.
Currently, a global partnership between researchers has shown that bumetanide is safe to use and effective at reducing symptoms in children as young as three years old.
Can Special Diet Help Autism?
There is no hard evidence that special diets help children with autism. Whereas it may seem that cutting out certain foods could relieve your child’s symptoms, it might actually make them worse.
Therefore the best option is to talk to the experts who understand your child’s diet needs. Subsequently, the best strategy is to work with your doctor and a registered dietician. He or she will design a meal plan tailored for your child.
Notwithstanding some studies suggest supplementation with vitamin B may improve autism symptoms in children. Even so, you should consult your child’s doctor before beginning any supplementation therapy.
Finally, Causes of Autism, Symptoms, and Treatment, emphasised the critical issues of health and health care for many children and adults on the autism spectrum.
The reality is that children and adults with autism have a lot of health concerns and complex health care needs because comprehensive care is not often accessible. Consequently, this may worsen their health and quality of life in comparison to others. Therefore, in order to improve the course of health throughout the lives of autistic patients, preventive and comprehensive care should be fully accessible.